Enfield Veterinary Hospital
94 Coronation Parade
Enfield, NSW, 2136

enfieldvet@bigpond.com.au
Phone: 02 9747 3999
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To All the Friends of Enfield Vet and their Pets,

The June newsletter focuses on a really common problem for dogs and cats - tummy upsets. We generally see this illness present, both at home and at the vet hospital, as vomiting and diarrhoea, however sometimes our pets (especially cats) only show signs of abdominal pain and discomfort along with malaise.

The articles this month go in to more detail about when sick pets needs to come in to see us versus when its ok to monitor them at home. There is also some information about the really common causes of gastrointestinal disease including pancreatitis which can, on some occasions, be fatal.

As always, if you think that your pet has any of the symptoms discussed in the newsletter please call us or come in for some advice. We are always ready to help.

The Team at Enfield Vet Hospital

Contents of this newsletter

01  Vomiting and diarrhoea and when to see us

02  What you need to know about pancreatitis

03  Can my dog eat that?

04  Things your cat shouldn't eat

05  Cones of fame

01 Vomiting and diarrhoea and when to see us
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Vomiting and diarrhoea are two words most people don't want to talk about, let alone have to deal with when it comes to their pet. Thankfully, we have a summary of what you need to know so you don't have to dwell on these words for too long!

Most dogs and cats suffer from either (or both) of these at some point in their life. A common cause is 'dietary indiscretion' which is just our way of saying your pet ate something he shouldn't.

If your pet has a vomit or a bout of diarrhoea you should withhold food for a few hours (gastric rest), offer fluids for rehydration and feed a bland diet for a few days. After this, your pet will most likely recover without a problem.

Unfortunately there are times when vomiting and diarrhoea become a little more serious and that's when you need to call on us.

You should seek advice if your pet:

  • Vomits more than once
  • Has multiple bouts of diarrhoea
  • Seems lethargic or is off his food
  • Might have ingested something he shouldn't
  • Has been losing weight recently

If you have a puppy or a kitten with diarrhoea or vomiting we recommend you get them checked with us no matter what as their little bodies don't have much reserve and they can go downhill very quickly.

It's best to ask us for advice if you are concerned about your pet. We might not be able to clean your carpet but we can help put your mind to rest!

02 What you need to know about pancreatitis
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Pancreatitis is a painful and potentially life threatening condition and requires veterinary attention as soon as possible.

The pancreas releases enzymes to help digestion. These enzymes usually don't start to work until they reach the small intestine but if a dog has pancreatitis, these enzymes become active as soon as they are released. This causes inflammation to the surrounding tissue and organs. In severe cases, the enzymes start to digest the pancreas itself causing extreme pain.

Knowing the signs can enable us to start treatment quickly and effectively and help reduce the severity of the condition.

Watch out for:

  • Hunched back
  • Vomiting
  • Lethargy
  • Appears uncomfortable or bloated in abdomen
  • Diarrhoea
  • Not wanting to eat

A high-fat diet is a major cause of pancreatitis, especially for a dog who gets a large helping of fatty food in one sitting (such as human left overs or a rich marrow bone).

Obesity, hypothyroidism, diabetes and certain medications or other toxins can also predispose a dog to pancreatitis. Some breeds such as miniature schnauzers are also more susceptible indicating there may be a genetic component. 

Treatment involves intensive fluid therapy, anti vomiting drugs, gastric rest and then reintroduction of a low fat food, often for life. A dog that has had a bout of pancreatitis is much more susceptible to repeat attacks in the future so diet management is essential.

We are always happy to answer any question you have about your pet's health. Ask us today.

03 Can my dog eat that?
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Are you aware of some of the potential doggy dangers out there? We've compiled a quick list for you below.

This list is not complete and these are just a few of the hazards we find people forget about or are not aware of.

Grapes, sultanas and raisins: induce kidney failure in some dogs

Macadamia nuts: cause weakness, vomiting and diarrhoea

Avocados: lead to a stomach upset and the pip can also cause an obstruction if ingested

Onions, leeks, garlic and chives: ingestion leads to destruction of red blood cells

Chewing gum: contains Xylitol and this can cause weakness and seizures

Apricot, cherry and peach pips and apple seeds: contain cyanide and may cause poisoning

Corn on the cob: the corn might be digested, but the cob may lodge in the small intestine causing a blockage

Chocolate: you've probably heard this before, but remember chocolate is toxic to dogs and ingestion of just a small amount can be fatal - cooking chocolate and dark chocolate are the most dangerous

Rodent bait: can lead to blood clotting problems 3-14 days after ingestion

Snail bait: can cause seizures and even death 

Stockings, undies, socks: are all attractive to dogs and can cause a nasty intestinal obstruction

If you think your dog might have ingested something that's on this list you should seek veterinary advice immediately. 

04 Things your cat shouldn't eat
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Cats can be a bit fussier when it comes to what they will and won't eat but they can of course get themselves into trouble too.

Again, this list is also not complete and if you are worried about your cat you should always ask us for advice. 

Watch out for:

Household products: chicken bones, dental floss, yarn, string, lights and tinsel can lead to intestinal blockages

Certain chemicals: taste especially good to cats. Keep these locked away: antifreeze, bleach, detergents, fertilisers, herbicides, insect spray (e.g.ant rid) and rodent bait

Common houseplants: can be hazardous to your cat's health: lilies can cause kidney failure, and poinsettias and tulips can also cause problems

Human medicines: medicines such as paracetamol and antidepressants pose a serious threat to your cat, so keep them in a place they can’t get into 

Dog flea and tick medication: a cat that shares a house with a dog that has had supermarket pyrethrin flea treatment is at risk. These can KILL your cat. Ask us for the safest flea prevention for ALL of your pets 

If you think your cat might have ingested something toxic you should phone us for advice.

05 Cones of fame
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Have you heard the term cone of shame?

Also known as the Elizabethan collar, buster collar or bucket, we commonly dress your pet up in one of these after surgery to prevent your pet getting to his wound or pulling out his sutures.

Unfortunately for shelter pets looking for a new home, those wearing cones are less likely to be adopted. That was until a clever lady came up with the idea to decorate the cones and call them cones of fame. This resulted in these dogs finding new forever homes!

Read more here.